Green Purchasing - Policy
A comprehensive green purchasing or procurement policy should address the following:
• lifecycle costs of products
• sustainability of materials
• recyclability of products
• transportation and packaging costs
• environmental impacts of manufacturing, use and disposal
• health impacts of manufacturing, use and disposal
Green purchasing is complicated by the optional nature of manufacturers' disclosure agreements and by the lack of consensus over what constitutes a "green" product. What has emerged over the past few years is a patchwork of emerging and sometimes overlapping standards and purchasing guidelines.
The Responsible Purchasing Network (RPN) is an international network of buyers dedicated to socially responsible and environmentally sustainable purchasing.
The EPA's Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Programs database includes green contract language and specifications, voluntary standards and guidelines, and other practical information.
INFORM is a non-profit research organization providing information on ways to reduce environmental impacts through improved product design and green purchasing policies.
The National Association of State Procurement Officials have created a very detailed Green Purchasing Guide to help municipal officials establish effective green purchasing programs.